Food is a big part of Italian life and therefore a big part of traveling. There is no way a single post can encompass an entire food culture, but here are some bits that I have learned over my trips to Italy. Since food is probably a big part of your Italy itinerary, this should help you understand a little more about eating in Italy and bit about the food culture.
Food tours in Italy
Food tours are so much fun. Over the past decade, they have become one of my favorite things to do when I travel, and we look for food tours everywhere we go. And isn’t food one of the biggest reasons for visiting Italy? Here are some food tours we recommend:
- Eating Europe Rome: Eating Europe is one of my favorite food tour companies, and they have several options in Rome.
- Small-Group Rome Food Walking Tour: Trastevere, Campo de’ Fiori, Jewish Ghetto: Visit several local neighborhoods in Rome and taste the local cuisine along the way.
- Florence food tour: Another good one from Eating Europe, learn about local food in Florence on this tour.
- Secrets of Pizza: Original Naples Pizza Tour: Learn all about pizza in the city that perfected it from Take Walks, another tour company I love.
What to know about eating in Italy
Italians take their food seriously, and there are several rules and cultural norms that could be different from what you’re used to. Learn a little about eating in Italy before your trip to make things go more smoothly.
Fresh Regional Dishes in Italy
Freshness of ingredients is highly prized. That means regional foods that are in season. The basic staples you think of as Italian food are nearly everywhere, but pizza is different in Rome than in Naples, and the pasta dishes have their own regional variations as well.
Most regions are known for specific things and have their own food specialties, and it is worth hunting those things out.
The sauce known the world over as Bolognese (we have seen it even in Thailand) is indeed from Bologna, but called Ragu there. It is also only served on tagliatelle (wide flat noodles), not spaghetti.
If you love food, you should really explore the food in Bologna on your trip. You won’t be disappointed.
Pizza may be famous in Naples, but I found it less interesting than the thinner crispier version we encountered in Rome.
Ask your hotel, search for the good spots, and try to see what the local Italians are eating. A family run trattoria away from the big sights will be better for a budget trip to Rome.
Breakfast is small in Italy
Breakfast is a light meal in Italy. No heavy eggs or bacon. Even in hotels you will find bread and pastries and not much more.
As you walk through cities in Italy you will notice a profusion of small places labeled “Bar”. While you might think they just love drinking in Italy, these are quite different. These bars are open in the mornings, and I seek them out for coffee and brioche for breakfast.
This is a normal Italian morning meal and shouldn’t cost you more than a few euros if you stand at the counter. If you want to sit down, it will likely cost you more.
Brioche (bree-osh) is one of a plethora of small pastries found at a Bar. Often it is a croissant with a filling like Nutella or apricot jam.
Coffee rules in Italy
Wine is of course common across Italy, though coffee puts up a good fight for being the national drink. For many Italians, a tiny cup of high octane coffee seems to be their only breakfast.
After dinner also brings coffee. This is so normal that I often feel waiters look at me like I am strange when I don’t want a coffee after dinner an hour before bedtime.
Cappuccino is a morning thing, don’t try to order it in the afternoon. “Cafe” is strong and comes in small cups more akin to espresso than the large cups of coffee in the US. Often it is served with a small glass of cold water. Cafe Americano is espresso with extra hot water in it.
Understand the Ticketing System
In many sandwich places, you will be expected to order and pay for your food at a separate register. The attendant takes your money and gives you a receipt which you present at the food counter for what you want.
We’ve seen this at many places where you order at the counter, instead of sitting at a table where a server comes to you. Gelato places, food court style places, cafes, to name a few.
This can get confusing, but it does mean that the person touching your food is not touching money.
Italian menu sections
A normal Italian menu has several sections, and while I certainly can’t give you a compete Italian dictionary for food, here is a bit of description of the sections. After all, food is an important thing to know about before you visit Italy.
Primi – First courses, usually pastas are here.
Secundi – Meat plates often show up in the second courses. Don’t expect anything with that meat.
Contorni – Side dishes like potatoes.
Menu – The word ‘menu’ means several courses together. It is sometimes completely fixed, but often you get a choice for each course and drinks or coffee all for a specific price.
Pizze – Pizza is singular, pizze is plural in Italian. Pizzas almost always end up in their own section and will be a long list of pizzas with different toppings.
Dolce– Sweets, so dessert. Don’t be surprised to see cheese plates as a dessert item.
Like the rest of Europe, there are no free refills on drinks at restaurants. The sizes may even be smaller than you expect.
e and o
These two little letters can be the difference between a large meal or exactly what you want. The ‘e’ means ‘and’; ‘o’ means ‘or’. This is especially important to know when reading a “menu” offering of several dishes where an option and a combination are common.
When do Italians eat?
Eating in Italy might take place at different times than you’re used to. Lunch time is late, dinner is later. It’s almost impossible to find restaurants open and ready for dinner earlier than 8pm.
Dinner will likely take a while, especially if you do several courses. Relax and enjoy it. Eating too fast is bad for digestion.
If you’re too hungry to wait until 8pm for dinner, try Apertivo.
Apertivo in Italy
Apertivo deserves its own section. It may not exist in the same form everywhere in Italy, but where you find it, an Apertivo can be a grand thing.
Apertivo time is several hours in the evening before ‘proper’ dinnertime, so roughly 6pm-8pm, where certain restaurants will offer food with your drink. This can range from a bowl of chips to a small buffet with a several types of cheese to large buffets that rival a meal.
If you go to the student city of Bologna, trying Apertivo is a must.
For the (only slightly inflated) price of a drink (often alcoholic) you can have something to eat. This is a great chance to try one of the many interesting Italian drinks and cocktails.
Definitely look at what other people have on their tables and spy out the bigger buffets if you want to have it as a meal. This is an Italian version of a pre-dinner, but Stranieri (foreigners) sometimes want to eat a full meal of it.
This is just a taste of things. Food in Italy is such a wide and varied topic that no single post can cover even a tiny sliver of it. But hopefully this gives you a bit of insight and a few little pieces of info to make eating in Italy more enjoyable.
Read more about planning a trip to Italy:
- Which Food Tour in Rome Should You Take?
- Underground Colosseum and Roman Forum Tour Review
- Simple Italy Itinerary with Ideas for Planning One Week in Italy